The country's national territory is 51,100 square kilometers, which makes it about half the size of Kentucky, or slightly larger than Switzerland. Reasons include the high level of social services, the caring nature of its inhabitants, long life expectancy and relatively low corruption. Costa Rica is a member of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the United States military (as covered under Article 98).  By the mid-1850s the main market for coffee was Britain.  It soon became a high priority to develop an effective transportation route from the Central Plateau to the Atlantic Ocean. They have 15,000 residents per square kilometer. The ports, roads, railways and water delivery systems would benefit from major upgrading, a concern voiced by other reports too. miles). Dance-oriented genres, such as soca, salsa, bachata, merengue, cumbia and Costa Rican swing are enjoyed increasingly by older rather than younger people. It borders the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,290 kilometres (800 mi) of coastline, 212 km (132 mi) on the Caribbean coast and 1,016 km (631 mi) on the Pacific. , The central location provides access to American markets and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia. Arenal Volcano is an active andesitic stratovolcano in north-western Costa Rica around 90 km northwest of San José, in the province of Alajuela, canton of San Carlos, and district of La Fortuna. There is 1,016 km (631 mi) of coastline on the Pacific side and 212 km (132 mi) of coastline on the Caribbean side. Within three years, “we sampled an area the size of Costa Rica,” said Fragoso — about 48,000 square kilometers (18,500 square miles). Costa Rica's official language is Spanish; and more than 90 percent of Costa Ricans are Roman Catholic (www.greenarrow.com).  The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. There is 1,016 km (631 mi) of coastline on the Pacific side and 212 km (132 mi) of coastline on the Caribbean side. Costa Rica is a Central American country close to the equator with coastlines touching both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, wedged between Nicaragua and Panama. One of Costa Rica’s main sources of income is tourism. , Costa Rica is among the Latin America countries that have become popular destinations for medical tourism.  It is not surprising then that one of the most recognizable phrases among "Ticos" is "Pura Vida", pure life in a literal translation. But unlike those landlocked places, Costa Rica has two coasts, which means ample marine attractions complement its terrestrial assets. The island is designated as a national park and no settlements are allowed here. The Costa Rican Pacific coast is 1,016 kilometres in length. The bureaucracy is "often slow and cumbersome". This freeze lasted 47 years until President Óscar Arias Sánchez re-established normal relations on 18 March 2009, saying, "If we have been able to turn the page with regimes as profoundly different to our reality as occurred with the USSR or, more recently, with the Republic of China, how would we not do it with a country that is geographically and culturally much nearer to Costa Rica?" About Costa Rica ... Guanacaste and Limón), 81 cantons and 463 districts. It has the 7th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 37th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and it is the 12th happiest country in the World Happiness Report. Permanent programs, such as the National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica and the Youth Symphony Orchestra, are conjunctions of two areas of work: Culture and Youth. Costa Rica was the first of the Central American nations to do so. , A Creole-English language, Jamaican patois (also known as Mekatelyu), is an English-based Creole language spoken by the Afro-Carib immigrants who have settled primarily in Limón Province along the Caribbean coast. , Another important factor behind Costa Rica's poverty was the lack of a significant indigenous population available for encomienda (forced labor), which meant most of the Costa Rican settlers had to work on their own land, preventing the establishment of large haciendas (plantations). The country also experienced well-being higher than many richer nations and a per capita ecological footprint one-third the size of the United States. , Costa Rica has a long-term disagreement with Nicaragua over the San Juan River, which defines the border between the two countries, and Costa Rica's rights of navigation on the river. miles). Panama has an area of 75,517 square kilometers (29,157 square miles), which makes it slightly smaller than Ireland and the U.S. state of South Carolina. The land area of this house is 111,00 square meter (1.194,79 square feet), and it has a living space of 70,00 square meter (753,47 square feet). The circumstances during this period are believed to have led to many of the idiosyncrasies for which Costa Rica has become known, while concomitantly setting the stage for Costa Rica's development as a more egalitarian society than the rest of its neighbors. There is a rich variety of plants and Costa Rican wildlife. Over the last 25 years Brazil lost around half a million square kilometers of forest - around the same area that China gained. On 10 September 1961, some months after Fidel Castro declared Cuba a socialist state, Costa Rican President Mario Echandi ended diplomatic relations with Cuba through Executive Decree Number 2.  In 2019, the country produced 99.62% of its electricity from renewable sources and ran completely on renewable sources for 300 continuous days. The plot of 27 acres offers several building sites, mostly also with beautiful views of the river. Let us make you a free custom trip plan!  In response, the PRC built a new, $100 million, state-of-the-art football stadium in Parque la Sabana, in the province of San José. Costa Rica is a relatively large country in Central America with a landmass of 19,700 square miles (51,000 square kilometers) along with 277 square miles (717 kilometers) of offshore waters. One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and is where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife. Largest Cities in Costa Rica # CITY NAME POPULATION; 1: San Jose: 335,007: See also. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations University of Peace are based in Costa Rica. , The Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue is near La Sabana Metropolitan Park in San José. You will notice that the city was formed back in 1920, so there is a fair bit of history here.  The country's Free Trade Zones provide incentives for manufacturing and service industries to operate in Costa Rica. The perinatal mortality rate dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.4 per 1000 in 2001.. , High quality health care is provided by the government at low cost to the users. In 1948, José Figueres Ferrer led an armed uprising in the wake of a disputed presidential election between Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (who had been president between 1940 and 1944) and Otilio Ulate Blanco. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Total Area - sq km … After the coup d'état, Figueres became a national hero, winning the country's first democratic election under the new constitution in 1953. , A pioneer of ecotourism, Costa Rica draws many tourists to its extensive series of national parks and other protected areas. Colombia), and lack of resources such as gold and silver, made Costa Rica into a poor, isolated, and sparsely-inhabited region within the Spanish Empire.  In May 2007, the Costa Rican government announced its intentions to become 100% carbon neutral by 2021. For the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities.  In 2015, the tourism sector was responsible for 5.8% of the country's GDP, or $3.4 billion. , According to the World Bank, in 2010 about 489,200 immigrants lived in the country, many from Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, while 125,306 Costa Ricans live abroad in the United States, Panama, Nicaragua, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador.  With more than 2,000 dead, the resulting 44-day Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in Costa Rica during the 20th century. Each health committee manages an area equivalent to one of the 83 administrative cantons of Costa Rica. Meanwhile, the population of Costa Rica is ~5.1 million people (327.5 million more … For this purpose, in the 1870s, the Costa Rican government contracted with U.S. businessman Minor C. Keith to build a railroad from San José to the Caribbean port of Limón. , In 2002, there were 0.58 new general practitioner (medical) consultations and 0.33 new specialist consultations per capita, and a hospital admission rate of 8.1%. Students who finish 11th grade receive a Costa Rican Bachillerato Diploma accredited by the Costa Rican Ministry of Education. These were small and scattered, although the timing of the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture as the main livelihood in the territory is still unknown. Population: 4.8 million, with around a quarter aged under 15. Russia ranked first for land area > sq. The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 ft) and the largest lake is Lake Arenal. This is a list of countries by total area. The Latinobarómetro survey of 2017 found that 57% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 25% are Evangelical Protestants, 15% report that they do not have a religion, and 2% declare that they belong to another religion. The African continent has a land area of 30.37 million sq km (11.7 million sq mi) — enough to fit in the U.S., China, India, Japan, Mexico, and many European nations, combined. 3. It has a population of roughly 5 million people, of which approximately 2 million live in the sprawling San José metropolitan area, although only …  Some Nicaraguans migrate for seasonal work opportunities and then return to their country. Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, lying between latitudes 8° and 12°N, and longitudes 82° and 86°W.  When the army was abolished in 1949, it was said that the "army would be replaced with an army of teachers". Costa Rica is a Central American country close to the equator with coastlines touching both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, wedged between Nicaragua and Panama. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles).  Housing is also very affordable. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area. In 2008, there were five specialty national hospitals, three general national hospitals, seven regional hospitals, 13 peripheral hospitals, and 10 major clinics serving as referral centers for primary care clinics, which also deliver biopsychosocial services, family and community medical services and promotion and prevention programs.  By the time of the 2017 report, the country had reached 38th place, slightly behind Panama. Soil can mitigate climate change. At the end of a day of adventure, enjoy a drink as you experience the world-famous Costa Rican sunset from your private pool.  U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. The island has a roughly rectangular shape and is about 23.85 square km in size. About Costa Rica. The country scored highest in environmental protection among the winners. km) Rural land area (sq. Costa Rica hosts many refugees, mainly from Colombia and Nicaragua. With uninterrupted democracy dating back to at least 1948, the country is the region's most stable.. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León. With a total area of about 129,494 square kilometers (49,998 square miles), the country is slightly smaller than the state of New York. Sistema de Medidas y Pesas de la República Argentina. Most of the loss occurred in the moist forest biome, with 12,201 square kilometers (4,711 sq mi). There are two seasons.  In 2010, there was also a dispute around Isla Calero, and the impact of Nicaraguan dredging of the river in that area.  In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.  As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production. President Óscar Arias Sánchez admitted the action was a response to economic exigency. Arias announced that both countries would exchange ambassadors. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north (309 km or 192 mi of border) and Panama to the southeast (639 km or 397 mi of border). This is roughly the size of West Virginia or Denmark.  The growing debt and budget deficit are the country's primary concerns.  General Basic Education is mandatory and provided without cost to the user.  Costa Rica is particularly attractive to Americans due to geographic proximity, high quality of medical services, and lower medical costs.. Costa Rica is an active member of the United Nations and the Organization of American States. Origins: Largely of Spanish extraction, though there’s a substantial community of English-speaking Costa Ricans of African origin along the Caribbean coast, as well as 64,000 indigenous people. The official language of the country is Spanish, but Mekatelyu and Bribri are both recognized indigenous languages. All children under one have access to well-baby clinics, and the immunization coverage rate in 2002 was above 91% for all antigens.  Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries. ", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Global Finance Magazine - Costa Rica GDP and Economic Data", "Costa Rica Economy - GDP, Inflation, CPI and Interest Rate", "IMF Mission Concludes Visit to Costa Rica", "Costa Rica "Playing With Fire" By Delaying Fiscal Reform Says Intl Expert – Costa Rica Star News", "Major Business Success for Costa Rica Free Trade Zones - Costa Rica Star News", "Okay Industries Expands Operation in Costa Rica and Reinvests US$ 2 Million", "Costa Rica - employment by economic sector - Statistic", "Costa Rica records lowest poverty figures in seven years", "Costa Rica's Healthcare: One of the Best at a Low Cost - The Costa Rica News", "The Structure of the Educational System in Costa Rica - CostaRicaLaw.com", "Costa Rica - Import Tariffs - export.gov", "OEC - Costa Rica (CRI) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners", "Costa Rica's Fruits Exports Beyond Pineapples And Bananas", Costa Rica sustainable resource management: Successfully tackling tropical deforestation, "Costa Rica taxing firms that dump wastewater into rivers", "Bright Green: Costa Rica and New Zealand on Path to Carbon Neutrality", "Costa Rica uses 100 pct. It is conically shaped with a crater 140 metres in diameter.  Universal public education is guaranteed in the constitution; primary education is obligatory, and both preschool and high school are free. They mainly grew tubers and roots. The scope was ambitious. The property is fully developed with electricity, city water, internet via UMTS modem is available, satellite TV can be registered. Mount, Graeme S. "Costa Rica and the Cold War, 1948–1990. Monaco has ranked last for land area > sq. Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. Costa Rica is a small country encompassing 51,100 square kilometers (19,730 sq miles). W; Largest Countries in the World (ranked by area) Largest Countries in the World (by area) The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles).. See also: Most Populous Countries The name la costa rica, meaning "rich coast" in the Spanish language, was in some accounts first applied by Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage in 1502, and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives. The more than 11 thousand square kilometers added to the conservation map of Costa Rica are the result of the creation of the marine management areas Montes Submarinos, Cabo Blanco, Bahía Santa Elena and Barra del Colorado, promoted by ACRXS together with public and private allies. It was not long before Spanish settlers turned to the hills, where they found rich volcanic soil and a milder climate than that of the lowlands..  The Nicoya Peninsula is considered one of the Blue Zones in the world, where people commonly live active lives past the age of 100 years.  This survey indicated a decline in the share of Catholics and rise in the share of Protestants and irreligious. Because of Costa Rica’s small size, a diverse array of fabulous sites is within easy access. , The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017, and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015. Currently, 79.3 % of the population of Costa Rica is urban (4,003,302 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Costa Rica is 99 people per Km 2 (256 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 51,060 Km2 (19,714 sq. It is conically shaped with a crater 140 metres (460 ft) in diameter. , Most of the coffee exported was grown around the main centers of population in the Central Plateau and then transported by oxcart to the Pacific port of Puntarenas after the main road was built in 1846. km amongst Hot countries in 2008. Upon independence, Costa Rican authorities faced the issue of officially deciding the future of the country. Since 1999, tourism earns more foreign exchange than the combined exports of the country's three main cash crops: bananas and pineapples especially, but also other crops, including coffee. Political and economic refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua moved to Costa Rica in the 1980s. Nicaragua borders Costa Rica to the north and Panama to the south. The breakfast was awesome - my kids were super happy and it was a good first morning in Costa Rica. , Costa Rican cuisine is a blend of Native American, Spanish, African and many other cuisine origins. 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